Written by Biophilia Health |
Today, toxins are everywhere – in the environment, our food and our homes.
The list of toxins is extensive, such as the plethora of man-made chemicals used in personal care products, homewares and furnishings, to the toxic by-products released every day by agriculture, transport, mining, and other big industries.
Unfortunately, a lot of toxins do not break down and persist in our environment for decades to come, finding their way into our food and bodies (Gasnier et al 2009). The amount of toxins in our body at any given time is called our toxic load. When toxins accumulate in our body quicker than our ability to eliminate them, a high toxic load is likely. This burden to our detoxification system can disrupt normal physiological function, and thus wreak havoc on our health. Depending on the type, toxins can interfere with signalling pathways in the body, imitate and alter hormones, compete with essential nutrients for absorption and can even cause immature cell death (Xavier, Rekha, & Bairy, 2004). This can manifest as various symptoms of ill health, from brain fog to muscle weakness, and even contribute to some diseases.
Although we can’t control absolutely everything we are exposed to, the good news is that there are toxins we do have control over, and can eliminate, or reduce our exposure to. Here is a quick guide on the toxin exposures we can control:
Conventionally grown and GMO produce such as fruits, vegetables, grains, nuts and seeds are sprayed with pesticides, herbicides and fungicides. Not only are these disruptive to natural ecosystems and soil diversity, they are also disruptive to our health (Xavier, Rekha, & Bairy, 2004). For example, glyphosate-based herbicides are shown to cause oxidative damage to DNA, and are endocrine disruptors, influencing hormonal changes (Gasnier et al 2009). Another study links organophosphate pesticide exposure to ill effects on brain development, behaviour and fertility (Cohen, M 2007).
Conventional, grain-fed meat and dairy cattle are raised on sprayed, GMO grains and often prescribed antibiotics and hormones. Not surprisingly, the diet and lifestyle of these animals alters the nutritional quality of their produce. For example, eggs from free-range, pasture-raised chickens are higher in Omega-3, Vitamins A, D, E and K2, beta-carotene, folic acid, and B12 (Woginrich J 2011), and lower in cholesterol, saturated fat, and pro-inflammatory Omega-6 compared to eggs from chickens that are caged and grain-fed (Tolan A, Robertson J, Orton CR, et al. 1974).
Personal care products like deodorant, sunscreen and cosmetics may contain a myriad of different man-made chemicals, sometimes hidden under the term “fragrance” in their ingredient list. Phthalates are just one class of chemical found in personal care products that signal premature cell death in the body. Phthalates are linked to hormone changes, lower sperm count, less mobile sperm, birth defects in the male reproductive system, obesity, diabetes and thyroid irregularities (Mima, Greenwald, & Ohlander 2018).
The toxins in common homewares are varied and extensive. For example, Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical that imitates oestrogen that is linked to breast and other cancers, reproductive problems, obesity, early puberty and heart disease (Sengupta et al, 2013). BPA can be found in plastic food containers and bottles, the lining in canned goods, and thermal paper such as receipts. Perfluorinated Chemicals (PFCs) are used to make non-stick cookware (e.g., Teflon) and stain/water-resistant coatings on clothing, furniture and carpets. PFCs have been shown to affect sex hormones, decrease sperm quality, low birth weight in newborns, kidney disease, thyroid disease and high cholesterol (Ahmed, Moselhy, & Nabil 2015).
It may seem overwhelming at first but taking small steps to reduce your toxin exposure, however you can, is better than doing nothing at all. If you would like to learn more about toxins, humans and the environment, some great books we recommend are The Toxin Solution by Dr Joseph Pizzorno, Chemical Free Kids by Sarah Lantz and Silent Spring by Rachel Carson.
Ahmed, W, Moselhy, W, & Nabil, T 2015. Bisphenol A toxicity in adult male rats: hematological, biochemical and histopathological approach. Global veterinaria, 14(2), 228-238.
Cohen, M 2007. Environmental toxins and health: the health impact of pesticides. Australian family physician, 36(12).
Gasnier, C, Dumont, C, Benachour, N, Clair, E, Chagnon, MC, & Séralini, GE 2009. Glyphosate-based herbicides are toxic and endocrine disruptors in human cell lines. Toxicology, 262(3), 184-191.
Mima, M., Greenwald, D., & Ohlander, S. (2018). Environmental toxins and male fertility. Current urology reports, 19(7), 1-8.
Sengupta, S, Obiorah, I, Maximov, PY, Curpan, R, & Jordan, VC (2013). Molecular mechanism of action of bisphenol and bisphenol A mediated by oestrogen receptor alpha in growth and apoptosis of breast cancer cells. British journal of pharmacology, 169(1), 167-178.
Tolan A, Robertson J, Orton CR, et al. (1974). Studies on the composition of food, the chemical composition of eggs produced under battery, deep litter and free-range conditions. Br J Nutr 1974, 31: 185
Woginrich, J (2011) Backyard chicken basics. Mother Earth News April/May, 245: 44–48.
Xavier, R., Rekha, K., & Bairy, K. L. (2004). Health perspective of pesticide exposure and dietary management. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 10(1), 39-51.
Biophilia Health is founded by partners and Naturopaths Lachlan Mullen and Connie Pasta. They share a passion for health and well-being, and their mission is to connect with, empower, and enrich the lives of others. Lachlan and Connie are passionate about igniting a culture of greater health independence and responsibility, believing that people thrive when they take ownership and maintain active involvement throughout their life-long health journey.
At Biophilia Health, our goal is to help others achieve a state of balance in mind, body and spirit. We do this by educating our clients on the principles of health and the importance of our connection to one another and nature. In doing so, we hope to give our clients greater self-awareness and an understanding of their own inner workings, as well as the knowledge and skills needed to achieve optimal health and vitality.