Its pungent smoky presence in our clinics speaks of ancient times when masters of the past would cure the ills of the sick and purge the prone of demonic possession (Huang et al. 2017, p. 5).Traditional uses of moxibustion included direct – with cones made from leaf powder, or indirect – with a stick made of leaves to heat the skin (Adams 2012, p. 118). Analogous moxa preparations are available today in all manner of forms from traditional to smokeless, and pharmacological studies have revealed the presence of more than 60 different components within the leaf (Deng & Shen 2013, p. 4).Moxibustion was such an integral aspect of the practice of acupuncture that the Chinese characters for acupuncture – 针灸 (zhēnjiǔ) actually translate to "acupuncture-moxibustion" (Huang et al. 2017, p. 1). Evolution of Chinese medicine saw the integration of moxibustion with the meridian system where it was used to warm the channels to nurture Yang and eliminate the cold of Yin, activate the acupuncture points and correct the disease state of the human body (Deng & Shen 2013, p. 2). Since the advent of Traditional Chinese Medicine and scientific research, experts have investigated the effects of moxibustion for the treatment of 364 diseases with animal and human trials (Huang et al. 2017, p. 5). While the basis of moxibustion was to stimulate the meridians and bring warmth to the body (Deng & Shen 2013, p. 2), there are a number of complex chemical occurrences that underpin the mechanisms of the therapeutic effects of moxibustion on the body (Deng & Shen 2013, p. 4). Through clinical trials, moxibustion’s therapeutic benefits have been found to occur as a result of a combination of thermal, infrared (Deng & Shen 2013, p. 3) and pharmacological effects (Deng & Shen 2013, pp. 4 - 5). Practitioners of ancient China had certainly developed a formidable form of therapy to complement the once budding practice of acupuncture. And although its therapeutic properties have been well-known for thousands of years, it is with the scrutiny of modern science that we are able to appreciate the full extent of its profound healing effects on the body. ReferencesHuang C., Liang J., Han L., Liu J., Yu M. & Zhao B. (2017) Moxibustion in Early Chinese Medicine and Its Relation to the Origin of Meridians: A Study on the Unearthed Literatures. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Vol. 2017. Viewed 12 June 2020. Source.Deng H. & Shen X. (2013). The Mechanism of Moxibustion: Ancient Theory and Modern Research. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Vol. 2017. Viewed 12 June 2020. Source.Adams J., Garcia C. & Garg G. (2012). Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris, Artemisia douglasiana, Artemisia argyi) in the Treatment of Menopause, Premenstrual Syndrome, Dysmenorrhea and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Chinese Medicine. Vol. 3. pp. 116 - 123. Viewed 12 June 2020. Source.